Interview with Jytte Klausen on Research and Open Access

“Tweeting the Jihad: Social Media Networks of Western Foreign Fighters in Syria and Iraq” is a new article by Jytte Klausen that will appear in the next issue of Studies in Conflict & TerrorismKlausen is the Lawrence A. Wien Professor of International Cooperation in the politics department at Brandeis University, and she is a recent recipient of the Brandeis Open Access Fund.  The fund paid for Professor Klausen’s article processing charge, which enabled her article to become Open Access and available to readers around the globe through the Brandeis Institutional Repository and the journal’s website.  On December 11th, Patrick Gamsby interviewed Professor Klausen about her research and Open Access.

Question: Could you describe your article and the research that went into it?

The research is part of a larger project that I have been running since 2006 on Westerners in the Al-Qaeda inspired terrorist networks. About a year ago, I became very interested in the use of Twitter as a means of communication between Westerners who have gone off to fight in Iraq and Syria, and their real life connections back home. So I started coding, identifying, accounts that from their content appeared to belong to people who were actually fighting in Iraq and Syria. Together with undergraduate research assistants who work with me, I began to code some of these accounts for their number of followers and followings. Those are the types of posts that are account holders who are regular subscribers, one might say, to these Twitter accounts. And, in turn, also looking at the ones that Western foreign fighters were subscribing to. Together, these accounts create a network. In this network, information flows from the people who are the most influential to those who subscribe to accounts and disseminate the content. So I was very interested in analyzing these structures of communication, as well as the content.

Question: Was Open Access on your mind when you submitted this article for publication?

No, it wasn’t, because I’m sort of old school. In the social sciences, Open Access has not yet become very common. It wasn’t until the article had been accepted and I got the contract from the journal that I became aware that there was actually an embargo on my article for about 18 months, during which time only people that subscribe to the print version of this journal would have access. Naturally, that was not a great idea, for a number of reasons. This is research of a very timely matter. 18 months in the world of social media developments is really a long time. If most people couldn’t read my article until 18 months in the future, I was very afraid that my research at that time would be pretty outdated.

Question: How did you hear about the Brandeis Open Access Fund?

I didn’t know about it, but I mentioned it to one of the research librarians at the University and she said “Well, actually, we have a fund for this.” That’s when I then submitted an application to have the Open Access Fund pay the fee for making my article available immediately. I had originally thought, when I got the contract, that this is something that I could maybe pay myself. Naturally, I can’t, because it’s nearly $3000.

Question: Before applying for the fund, did you know much about Open Access?

I knew about it as a theoretical discussion, and I knew about it as a matter of practice in the natural sciences. I had not yet come across it in the social sciences, which is why I said I’m sort of “old school.” I think Open Access has two very important aspects to it. One is that you reach a far larger readership than normal subscribers of a particular journal. The other aspect, of course, is the feedback loop from new journal policies. Trying to make the economics of journal publications feasible, journals increasingly make access closed, as a benefit to their subscribers, which clearly has a very negative impact on distribution of research.

Question: What kind of impact has Open Access had on your specific article?

In the course of two weeks, I had over 1000 views of this article. In fact, I wasn’t even myself aware that it had already been posted until two journalists called me from the Netherlands, who had read my article online.

Question: What do you think about restrictions on access to research in general (embargoes, paywalls, etc.), and what happens to the research ecosystem when there are restrictions to access?

It slows down the ecosystem. It slows down the distribution of research, very dramatically. Another call I got yesterday was from a professor at West Point who had read my article and is doing somewhat similar work, and wanted to collaborate with me. We are now in discussion to build on what I wrote to produce some collaborative research. I would say that the benefits that I’ve had from this Open Access opportunity have been tremendous in terms of distribution, or getting my research out to a very large readership very quickly, and getting feedback already, and engaging in new research that builds upon what I’ve already done. As I mentioned in response to one of your previous questions, this is a very fast moving field – working on the whole question about how networks built on social media. It’s not just related to terrorism, where there are obvious immediate security aspects to finding out exactly how organization for terrorism works online, but it is also a more generalized, theoretical interest and understanding of the social organization online and real life, and the relationship between the two types of organization.

Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) Conference

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Article by Rebecca Loewenstein-Harting:

On October 22nd and 23rd, I attended the TEI Conference, held in conjunction with the Chicago Colloquium on Digital Humanities and Computer Science, in Evanston, Illinois. TEI stands for “Text Encoding Initiative,” which according to its website is “a consortium which collectively develops and maintains a standard for the representation of texts in digital form.” The conference was at the Orrington Hotel situated next to Northwestern’s campus on the shore of Lake Michigan. The weather was gorgeous and helped make my first time in the Midwest thoroughly enjoyable!

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Text Encoding Initiative Conference 2014

I heard several interesting presentations in my very first session, which was called “TEI Digital Editions”. One that was especially intriguing was “Critical Apparatus, Annotation, and the TEI” by Hugh Cayless from Duke Collaboratory for Classics Computing. He spoke about some of the issues involved in marking up texts from critical editions and his vision for future work which could include collaborating with undergraduate and graduate students to annotate texts such as Propertius 1.15, an ancient Latin document that is not well researched or understood. The other presentation that stood out to me was called “New Publishing Alchemy: Creating Page Layout from XML Files for a World War I Memoir” by Odine LeBlanc of the Massachusetts Historical Society. She explained how the historical society uses TEI and publishing platforms to publish manuscripts from their collection. Continue reading

Orange for Open Access Week

For the second year in a row, the LTS website has gone orange for Open Access Week.  From October 20th to October 26th, institutions and individuals around the globe will strive to raise awareness about Open Access.

What is Open Access?  Simply put: Open Access predominantly refers to digital academic literature that is made available to anyone in the world with an Internet connection.

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BrowZine- Introducing a New Way to Explore Journals

LTS now offers patrons a new way to make your research easier and more convenient. Members of the Brandeis community now have access to BrowZine which delivers thousands of academic journals to your Android or iPad tablet. The result is a revolutionary new way to browse, read, and monitor scholarly journals.

Download BrowZine by going to the relevant app store for your device and search for “BrowZine”. The app is a free download.

Next, select “Brandeis University” from the library list. You will be prompted to login with your UNet username and password.

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Browse, save, read

BrowZine displays recent issues of scholarly journals from multiple publisher and platforms optimized for your mobile device for easy browsing. .Additionally, BrowZine will notify you when a new article or journal is released, allowing you to be up-to-date with current trends in your area of scholarship. Alongside a friendly user interface, all items found in BrowZine can be exported to Zotero, Mendeley, Dropbox and other services.

From within the app, you can save your favorite journals, view the tables of contents, annotate (coming soon) and read or save articles.

Create a personalized bookshelf where you can display your favorite journals and be notified when new articles are published.
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Save articles for off-online reading or export them to DropBox, Zotero, and more.

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If you have questions or need help with BrowZine, please email e-resources@brandeis.edu.

submitted by Joanna Fuchs and Katy Collins

2014 Reunion + the University Archives

Brandeis graduating classes that end in 4s and 9s were this year’s reunion attendees, and many stopped in to see University Archives staff who set up on the 3rd floor of Shapiro to greet them and share stories.

We interviewed Isaac and Jeanette Goodman from the class of 1954, and they spoke about the early years of Brandeis football, how muddy the campus was, parietal rules for girls, advocating for the three chapels, and much more. The video can be seen here.

Several alumni played our “Stump the Archivist” game and asked the following questions:

Question: What famous Broadway designer taught at Brandeis in 1970s?
Answer: Howard Bay.
From: Christine Cornelius, MFA 1978, who came to Brandeis to study with Bay.

Question: Who sang barefoot at Brandeis in 1961?
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New A-Z e-Journals list and link resolver

Starting on June 24th you will notice a new A-Z e-Journals list. The current A-Z eJournals list will be retired on that same date. One benefit of the new A-Z eJournals list is that it is integrated with OneSearch.

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As part of this change you will see our new link resolver when searching in one of our subscribed databases or within Google Scholar. The familiar Get_It_14 button will still help you link from an article citation in a database to the full text article when possible. It will also provide you with a form to request an article through Interlibrary Loan when we do not have the full text article.

For more information or questions, please contact e-resources@brandeis.edu

Leading Open Access Publisher Sets New Requirements for Public Access to Data

The scope of open access publishing continues to evolve to encompass more aspects of research, such as research data. In March 2014, one of the largest open access publishers, the Public Library of Science (PLOS), implemented a new data policy that affects Brandeis researchers interested in publishing a research article in a PLOS journal. As of March 3, 2014, any manuscript submitted to a PLOS open access journal must include a data availability statement that describes compliance with PLOS’s new policy. This statement, which explains how and where the authors intend to make their data freely available to the public, will be published along with the accepted research article. Authors can deposit their data sets into a public repository, attach them as supplementary files or include them in the manuscript itself, unless there are ethical or legal reasons why the data sets should not be made public.

PLOS believes that data availability and effective data sharing practices can help increase the transparency and impact of the original research by encouraging researchers to use publicly-available data to reproduce experiments; validate, analyze, and reinterpret results (PLOS, 2014). Furthermore, recent scholarship has shown that open data sharing practices can lead to an increase in citation counts and help authors reach a broader audience.

If you are interested in submitting a manuscript to a PLOS journal or another open access publication, Brandeis University LTS has a fund to assist the Brandeis community with author fees. Our Open Access Fund will pay 100% of Brandeis researchers’ author fees (up to $3,000 per manuscript) in eligible open access journals and books, as long as no alternate funding source is available.

If you have questions about our open access fund, please contact Sherry Keen. For help identifying an appropriate public repository for depositing your data sets, please contact your subject liaison.

For more information:

Web Content Management System Enhancements

The Web Team, the five-person group of staff members from the Office of Communications and Library and Technology Services, is pleased to announce a major upgrade of Cascade Server, the university’s content management system. The content management system, or CMS, is a Web-based application that provides a central place for website creation and editing. It has many technical benefits and provides a WYSIWYG (what-you-see-is-what-you-get) editing interface.

During the recent downtime on April 16th, we upgraded the CMS from version 7.2.2 to version 7.8.4. The upgrade introduced several positive changes to the CMS.

What’s new and will matter to you?

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BlueJeans webconferencing service now available

We are pleased to announce the general availability of BlueJeans, a web conferencing service that allows up to 25 participants to engage in online meetings by simply using a web browser, mobile device, telephone, as well as other options.
This service will enable members of the community to easily hold virtual meetings, including collaboration efforts, presentations from speakers in off-campus locations, course lectures by Brandeis faculty who are away from campus, and more.
BlueJeans facilitates communications in situations where it is simply impossible to get everyone in the same physical space.
To learn more about BlueJeans and obtain your own virtual meeting room, please visit go.brandeis.edu/webconferencing.

Using filters in Gmail

Gmail’s filters allow you to manage what happens to new email messages that are sent to you. You can set up a filter so that certain messages bypass your inbox entirely, or a filter to star certain messages. Here are some examples of things you could do with filters:

  • label messages that include a particular word or phrase
  • archive messages that get sent to a list (you’ll always be able to read these later!)
  • delete messages that include a particular word or phrase
  • star messages from your boss
  • forward particular messages to a colleague
  • make sure certain messages don’t get sent to spam

Want to filter some of your mail? Check out Google’s directions for how to use filters.