Get a Backbone

by James Morris
Illustrations by Talia Niederman

What’s a vertebrate? That’s easy – A vertebrate is an animal with a backbone.Hagfish

Not so fast. It turns out that not all vertebrates have a backbone. That is, they don’t have the bones that make up the backbone, called vertebrae. Hagfish, for example, don’t have vertebrae, but are classified as vertebrates.

That doesn’t make sense. How can a vertebrate not have vertebrae? Continue reading

Trees Aren’t Brown

by James Morris

With the start of another school year, let’s take a look at diversity in all its forms.

I recently overheard a conversation between two friends of mine. One just took up painting, and the other has painted for many years. They were talking about how to paint trees, when the one with more experience said, “Take a look at trees – they aren’t brown.”

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